Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly called lupus, is an autoimmune disease that can affect different parts of the body. Lupus can have a wide variety of symptoms, and these symptoms can often mimic other diseases, making it difficult to diagnose. Here are the early signs of lupus that you should watch out for.
Fatigue: Persistent and extreme fatigue that is not relieved by rest is a common symptom of lupus.
Joint pain and swelling: Lupus can cause joint pain and swelling that mimics the symptoms of arthritis. It usually affects small joints such as the fingers and wrists.
Skin rash: A butterfly-shaped rash on the cheeks and nose is a symptom of lupus. Rashes may appear on other parts of the body and are sensitive to sunlight.
Photosensitivity: people with urticaria may experience skin rashes or sun sensitivity, which can cause skin irritation and rashes after sun exposure.
Fever: An unexplained fever is a common symptom of lupus and is often accompanied by fatigue.
Chest pain: If lupus affects the heart or the lining around the heart (pericardium), you may experience chest pain or discomfort.
Hair loss: Lupus can cause thinning and loss of hair, which can be patchy or more widespread.
Raynaud’s phenomenon: This is a reaction to cold or stress in which the fingers and toes turn white or blue. This can be a sign of lupus.
Mouth Sores: Painful sores and ulcers may develop in the mouth and nose.
Kidney problems: Lupus can affect the kidneys, causing symptoms such as blood in the urine, increased urination, and swelling in the feet and ankles.
Neurological symptoms: some people with lupus may experience neurological symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, memory and concentration problems.
Circulation problems: Lupus can cause circulation problems, and colds (like Raynaud’s) can cause the fingers and toes to turn white or blue.
Gastrointestinal problems: urticaria affects the digestive system, causing symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.